Hello people, let’s talk about newspaper era and sound recording. The first newspaper era started in 1690 when Benjamin Harris published “publick occurrence”. It was ban by the colony after one issue. John Campbell published “The boston news-letter” in 1704, it reported on mundane events that took place in Europe months earlier. James Franklin published “the new England courant” in 1721. He focuses on stories that interest ordinary readers. By 1765 there were about thirty newspapers in American colonies. Partisan press the second era started in 1784. The first daily newspaper was also published during this time. There were political newspaper and commercial newspapers. This era shaped press history. Their audience was the wealthy and educated. The third era was penny press. It started in 1833 when Benjamin Day’s New York Sun was published. The focus on local events, scandals, police reposts and human interest stories. Penny papers increases reliance on adverts revenue. In 1848 Associated Press where formed. The penny press contribute to empowered the public in government affairs and promote literacy among the public.
The development of sound recording started when Thomas Edison invented the phonograph. He created many inventions, but his favorite was the phonograph. While working on improvements to the telegraph and the telephone, Edison figured out a way to record sound on tinfoil-coated cylinders. In 1877, he created a machine with two needles: one for recording and one for playback. When Edison spoke into the mouthpiece, the sound vibrations of his voice would be indented onto the cylinder by the recording needle. What do you think were the first words that Edison spoke into the phonograph? “Mary had a little lamb” were the first words that Edison recorded on the phonograph and he was amazed when he heard the machine play them back to him. Read more from http://www.americaslibrary.gov/aa/edison/aa_edison_phonograph_1.html In 1888 Emile Berliner invents the flat disc. 1929-1940 audiotape recording is invented. 1960s music become portable thanks to cassettes. 1983 CDs hit the market and in 1992 Mp3 format comes out. Do you know pop music existed before the phonograph and the radio. Some of the top ten popular music genres are Heavy Metal, Rock n’ Roll, Alternative, Hard Rock, Classical, Pop music, hip- hop, Rap among others.
Hope you have a take away on my writing today. See you next week.